If you shun the sun, suffer from milk allergiesor adhere to a strict vegan dietyou may be at risk for vitamin D deficiency. Known as the sunshine vitamin, vitamin D is produced by the body in response to skin being exposed to sunlight.
It is also occurs naturally in a few foods -- including some fish, fish liver oils, and egg yolks -- and in fortified dairy and grain products. Vitamin D is essential for strong bones, because it helps the body use calcium from the diet. But increasingly, research vitamin d deficiency prevalence adults revealing the importance of vitamin D in protecting against a host of health problems. Symptoms of bone pain and muscle weakness can mean you have a vitamin D deficiency. However, for many people, vitamin d deficiency prevalence adults, the symptoms are subtle.
Yet, even without symptoms, too little vitamin D can pose health risks. Low blood levels of the vitamin have been associated with the following:. Research suggests that vitamin D could play a role in the prevention and treatment of a number of different conditions, including type1 and type 2 diabeteshypertensionglucose intolerance, and multiple sclerosis.
This is likely if you follow a strict vegan dietbecause most allegra breast feeding the natural sources are animal-based, including fish and fish oils, egg yolks, fortified milk, and beef liver.
Your exposure to sunlight is limited. Because the body makes vitamin D when your skin is exposed to sunlight, you may be at risk of deficiency if you are homebound, live in northern all natural rheumatoid arthritis pain relief, wear long robes or head coverings for religious reasons, or have an occupation that prevents sun dramamine with alcohol. You have dark skin.
Some studies show that older adults with darker skin are at high risk of vitamin D deficiency. Your kidneys cannot convert vitamin D to its active form. As people age, their kidneys are less vitamin d deficiency prevalence adults to convert vitamin D to its active form, thus increasing their risk of vitamin D deficiency.
Your digestive tract cannot adequately absorb vitamin D. Vitamin D is extracted from the blood by fat cells, altering its release into the circulation. People with a body mass index of 30 or greater often have low blood levels of vitamin D. The most accurate way to measure how much vitamin D is breast cancer visual aids your body is the hydroxy vitamin D blood test. Treatment for vitamin D deficiency involves getting more vitamin D -- through diet and supplements.
Although there is no consensus on vitamin D levels required for optimal health -- and it likely differs depending on age and health conditions -- a concentration of less than 20 nanograms per milliliter is generally considered inadequate, requiring treatment.
Guidelines from the Institute of Medicine increased the recommended dietary allowance RDA of vitamin D to international units IU for everyone agesand raised it to IU for adults older than age 70 to optimize bone health, vitamin d deficiency prevalence adults. The safe upper limit was also raised to 4, IU, vitamin d deficiency prevalence adults.
Doctors may prescribe more than 4, IU to correct a vitamin D deficiency. Continued Your kidneys cannot convert vitamin D to its vitamin d deficiency prevalence adults form. Tests for Vitamin D Deficiency The most accurate way to measure how much vitamin D is in your body is the hydroxy vitamin D blood test.
Treatment for Vitamin D Deficiency Treatment for vitamin D deficiency involves getting more vitamin D -- through diet and supplements.