Blood sugar is an often-underestimated component of your health. Diabetes can be effectively managed when caught early. However, when left untreated, it can lead to potential complications that include heart diseasestrokekidney damageand nerve damage.
Normally after you eat or drink, your body will break down sugars from your food and use them for energy in your cells.
To accomplish this, your pancreas needs to produce a hormone called insulin. Insulin is what facilitates the process of pulling sugar from the blood and putting it in the cells for use, or energy. If you have diabetes, your pancreas either produces too little insulin or none at all.
This allows blood glucose levels to rise while the rest of your cells are deprived of much-needed energy. This can lead to a wide variety of problems affecting nearly every major body system.
The effects of diabetes on your body also depends on the type you have. There are two main types of diabetes: Type 1also called juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes, is an immune system disorder. With type 1 diabetes, you must take insulin to live. Most people are diagnosed as a child or young adult. Type 2 is related to insulin resistance. It used to occur in older populations, but now more and more younger populations are being diagnosed with type 2 diabetes.
This is a result of poor lifestyle, dietary, and exercise habits. Young adult novels in lesson plans type 2 diabetes, your pancreas stops using insulin effectively. This causes issues with being able to pull sugar from the blood and put it into the cells for energy.
Eventually, this can lead to the need for insulin medication. Earlier phases like prediabetes may be effectively managed with diet, exercise, and careful monitoring of blood sugars.
This can also prevent the full development of type 2 diabetes. Diabetes can be controlled. In some cases it can even go into remission if proper lifestyle changes are made. Gestational diabetes is high blood sugar that develops during pregnancy. Most of the time, you can control gestational diabetes through diet and exercise. It also typically resolves after the baby is delivered. Gestational diabetes can increase your risk for complications during pregnancy, how does diabetes affect the body.
It can also increase risk of type 2 diabetes development later in life for both mother and child. This can create high levels of toxic chemicals, including acids and ketone bodies, which may lead to a condition called diabetic ketoacidosis. This is a serious complication of the disease. Symptoms include extreme thirstexcessive urination, and fatigue. High blood sugar levels and excess ketones in your urine can confirm diabetic ketoacidosis.
If untreated, this condition can lead to loss of consciousness or even death. Diabetic hyperglycemic hyperosmolar syndrome HHS occurs in type 2 diabetes.
It involves very high blood glucose levels but no ketones. You might become dehydrated with this condition. You may even lose consciousness. It can also be caused by a heart attack, stroke, or infection. This delay can cause blood glucose levels to rise. As a result, you may also experience nauseavomitingbloating, and heartburn.
Diabetes can also damage your kidneys and affect their ability to filter waste products from your blood. Kidney disease related to diabetes is called diabetic nephropathy. If you have diabetes, how does diabetes affect the body, your doctor will evaluate you for how does diabetes affect the body to help prevent irreversible kidney damage or kidney failure. Diabetes raises your risk of developing high blood pressurewhich puts further strain on your heart.
When you have high blood glucose levels, this can contribute to the formation of fatty deposits in blood vessel walls. Over time, it can restrict blood flow and increase the risk of atherosclerosisor hardening of the blood vessels.
According to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, diabetes doubles your risk of heart disease and stroke. In addition to monitoring and controlling your blood glucose, good eating habits and regular exercise can help lower the risk of high blood pressure and high cholesterol levels.
Diabetes and smoking are a very bad mix. It increases your risk for cardiovascular problems and restricted blood flow. This is called intermittent claudication. The narrowed blood vessels in your legs and feet may also cause problems in those areas. For example, your feet may feel cold or you may be unable to feel heat due to lack of sensation. This condition is known as peripheral neuropathywhich is a type of diabetic neuropathy that causes decreased sensation in the extremities.
Diabetes also increases your risk of developing infections or ulcers of the foot. Poor blood flow and nerve damage increases the likelihood of having a foot or leg amputated, how does diabetes affect the body. Diabetes can also affect your skinthe largest organ of your body.
You can use petroleum jelly or gentle creams, but avoid letting these areas become too moist. Moist, warm folds in the skin are susceptible to fungal, bacterial, or yeast infections. These tend to develop between fingers and toes, the groin, armpits, or in the corners of your mouth. Symptoms include redness, blistering, and itchiness.
High-pressure spots under your foot can lead to calluses. These can become infected or develop ulcers. If you do get an ulcer, see your doctor immediately to lower the risk of losing your foot. You may also be more prone to boils, folliculitis infection of the hair folliclessties, and infected nails. Diabetes causes diabetic neuropathy, or damage to the nerves. This can affect your perception of heat, cold, and pain.
It can also make you more susceptible to injury, how does diabetes affect the body. Diabetes can also lead to swollen, how does diabetes affect the body, leaky blood vessels in the eye, called diabetic retinopathy.
This can damage your vision. It may even lead to blindness, how does diabetes affect the body. The changing hormones during pregnancy can cause gestational diabetes and, in turn, increases your risk of high blood pressure. There are two types of high blood pressure conditions for pregnant women to watch out for, preeclampsia or eclampsia. In most cases, gestational diabetes is easily controlled and glucose levels return to normal after the baby is born.
Symptoms are similar to other types of diabetes, but may also include repeated infections affecting the vagina and bladder. If you develop gestational diabetes, your baby may have a higher birth weight. This can make delivery more complicated. To learn more about diabetes, visit our topic center.
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