This section provides information to help older adults and their caregivers consider their disease or condition in conjunction with other health issues. As older adults live longer, they may have more than one chronic disease. Or, they may have a health problem that can lead to another condition or injury if not properly managed, high blood pressure cent adults. Older adults may also experience healthcare in various settings, high blood pressure cent adults, such as the hospital, assisted living facility, or at home.
These situations can affect the health and function of the older adult and therefore require careful management to ensure proper care and improve or maintain quality of life. High blood pressure also called hypertension increases your chance of having a stroke.
It also increases your chances borderline personality advanced cancer developing kidney damage, heart disease, and many other serious health problems.
If you have high blood pressure, there are a number of changes your healthcare provider will recommend high blood pressure cent adults make. These include lowering the amount of salt in your diet, exercising more, quitting if you smoke, high blood pressure cent adults, and losing weight if you are overweight. If these changes do not work well enough, your provider might also suggest that you take certain medications to lower your blood pressure to a safe level.
For example, the ideal blood pressure goal for very old people is not clear. This is because there have been few research studies about blood pressure that included this age group. High blood pressure can damage organs, such as kidneys. However, this occurs much more slowly or might not be obvious in very old people.
In fact, it has been found that lowering blood pressure too much in very old people does not reduce their risk of dying and actually might be harmful. In addition, many people over the age of 65 may feel dizzy, fall, or pass out when they stand suddenly. This happens when blood pressure is suddenly too low. This condition is known as postural or orthostatic hypotension. It poses a danger of fractures and other serious injury. This is especially a concern in frail older people who often suffer as well from osteoporosis thinning bones.
They are more prone to a fracture if they fall. Blood pressure medications should be started slowly in older people high blood pressure cent adults increased gradually.
This avoids a sudden drop in blood pressure levels. High Blood Pressure and Edema:. If you have high blood pressure, you may notice swelling in some parts of your body.
This buildup of fluids is called peripheral edema. It usually occurs in your ankles, feet, lower legs, high blood pressure cent adults, hands, arms, and lungs. It is often the result of some amount of heart failure that can be caused by high blood pressure see below.
However, it can also be linked to certain medications that your healthcare provider may prescribe to lower your blood pressure. These medications can include calcium channel high blood pressure cent adults. If high blood pressure cent adults have edema, you will notice that if you press a finger into the swollen area, it will leave an indentation.
This is known as pitting. Calcium channel blocker-related edema happens more often in women and the chance of having it increases if you:. Your healthcare provider can help the edema to decrease by changing your blood pressure medication, lowering the dosage, or adding another medication.
These can include a diuretic water pillnitrate, or ACE inhibitor. You can also try wearing compression stockings and limiting the length of time you spend standing or sitting still with legs hanging down. Keeping moving improves the blood circulation. Another type of edema is called pulmonary edema. This happens when fluid builds up in the lungs because of high blood pressure. This is normally the strongest part of your heart muscle.
Fluids then back up into the lungs, which makes it difficult to breathe. Your healthcare provider can prescribe treatment to help this. High Blood Pressure and Vascular Ulcers:. Vascular ulcers are skin sores that can appear in your feet, lower legs, or calves.
They are caused by weaknesses in the calf muscles and in the valves in the veins of your legs. This causes blood to pool in your lower limbs, which stretches tiny blood vessels called capillaries.
The weakened capillaries leak fluids into your skin. This eventually causes changes that prevent fresh blood from circulating properly in the skin layers. This decreases nutrition to the skin and can lead to ulcers. These vascular ulcers may take a long time to heal and can come back repeatedly. Often the wound covers quite a large area and gets very painful. A vascular ulcer can prevent you from walking easily, getting to work, or even living independently. They often become infected and in the worst cases may even lead to amputation.
Vascular ulcers are difficult to take care of adult and pediatric allergy sarasota florida, and need careful attention. The best way to make a full recovery is trying to be as active as you can, keeping your leg elevated, and seeing a podiatrist, dermatologist, surgeon, or wound care specialist regularly.
High Blood Pressure and Heart Failure:. When high blood pressure is uncontrolled, it can cause changes in your heart that prevent it from pumping blood as well as it should. This can lead to heart failure, which is the main cause of illness and death associated with hypertension. In addition to injuring your heart muscle, high blood pressure can also damage the walls of the arteries in the heart.
The arteries supply fresh blood to your heart and the electrical system that controls the regular rhythm of your heartbeat. Over time, your left ventricle the strongest part of your heart muscle may become weak as it attempts to keep pumping blood throughout your body. As your heart muscle gets weaker, you may begin to develop the symptoms of congestive heart failure, including tiredness, shortness of breath, and water retention.
Control your blood pressure by making lifestyle changes. These changes can include getting plenty of regular exercise, eating a balanced low-salt diet, losing weight, and reducing stress. Your healthcare provider may also prescribe medication to lower your blood pressure if needed. High Blood Pressure and Stroke:.
Blood pressure usually increases as we get older, especially our systolic blood pressure the top number in a blood pressure reading. This development is common but dangerous. This can occur because of a blood clot thrombotic stroke or from a bleed hemorrhage from one of the blood vessels carrying blood to the brain. Both types are associated with high blood high blood pressure cent adults and are serious events.
They can cause loss of brain function, inability to speak, walk, or move parts of your body, or even death. Older people often suffer many tiny silent strokes. These damage small areas of the brain and can eventually lead to a decline in your memory and your ability to think clearly. It can even lead to a type of dementia known as vascular dementia. Medications to reduce systolic blood pressure have been proved to be safe and effective, and can substantially lower your risk of having a stroke.
This could be for any of the following reasons:. High blood pressure is the number one risk factor for TIAs and stroke. The symptoms of a TIA:. A TIA is a medical emergency, high blood pressure cent adults.
Call or another local emergency number right away. Do not ignore symptoms just because they go away. They may be warning signs of a future stroke and require immediate medical attention. It does not matter if the symptoms and signs of the TIA have gone away by the time you get to the hospital. A TIA diagnosis can be made based on your medical history. You will be admitted to the hospital so that the healthcare professionals can try to find the cause of the TIA and start treatment.
About one third of people who have a TIA but are not treated eventually have a stroke. Half of those strokes happen within a year of the TIA, high blood pressure cent adults. The stroke may occur on the same day as the TIA or at a later time. Some people have only a single TIA episode, and some have more than one.
After you have been evaluated and treated in the hospital, it is important to follow up with your healthcare provider. You will have to manage any risk factors you have in your lifestyle for the rest of your life. These risk factors can include high blood pressure, heart disease, diabetes, excess alcohol consumption, smoking, and lack of exercise. High Blood Pressure and Dementia:. Dementia is a type of loss of brain function.
It can cause memory loss, confusion, mood and personality changes, physical disabilities, and difficulty carrying out normal functions of daily life. There are many reasons why this can happen. A few causes of dementia are reversible with treatment.
Advantages of animal body plans you have high blood pressure, you have an increased chance of developing vascular dementia. About half of all cases of vascular dementia are caused by high high blood pressure cent adults pressure.