Aircraft hangars are commonly referred to as "glorified garages" for airplanes. They can aircraft hanger plans from simple "shade" structures that protect all or parts of the aircraft from the elements to complicated environmentally controlled maintenance facilities in which robots apply radar absorbing coatings.
However, aircraft hanger plans, since planes are designed to fly, it is essential to minimize their maintenance time in the hangar and maximize their availability to fly. The Armed Services have developed definitive designs for hangar facilities to house and maintain their aircraft. In the commercial aircraft sector the designer needs to rely on Facility and Planning Criteria that are issued by the aircraft manufacturers for their aircraft or a third party compilation of data, aircraft hanger plans.
The designer must follow local building codes and integrate the characteristics of all possible aircraft that can populate the hangar to develop the space requirements for the intended use of the hangar. Careful analysis of the following will allow designer to determine the space needs for general spaces listed above common to aircraft hangars. Information such as the following:. Input is needed from the owner with regards to the maintenance that will be performed on the aircraft in the hangar.
This can vary from no maintenance at all to complete overhaul of the aircraft. Different levels of maintenance are required by the Federal Aviation Administration for certain aircraft currently in operation. Some references to obtain physical characteristics and maintenance requirements of aircraft are as follows:. To determine the most efficient use of hangar space use templates representing the aircraft and floor plans drawn at the same scale.
Arrange the templates in various combinations to the make the most efficient use of space and permits maintenance operations. Minimum separation distances between aircraft and minimum distances between the aircraft and other obstructions are defined in some building codes aircraft hanger plans in AFH Facility Requirements.
Another factor to consider in sizing the hangar space is the fire protection requirements. Standard on Aircraft Hangars establishes four different groups of hangars based on their size and construction type. In general, aircraft hanger plans, the smaller the hangar space the less expensive the fire protection and utility requirements. When sizing the hangar space, do not overlook tail heights, aircraft hanger plans height and width of the hangar door openings, the structural depth of columns and trusses and the turning radius aircraft hanger plans tow vehicles connected to aircraft.
Also in larger hangars, aircraft hanger plans, distance to means of egress become a concern and should be laid out to meet local codes and NFPA The maintenance shops and warehouse provide space and storage for required maintenance activities such as fabrication shops, airframe repair, engine repair, aerospace systems repair, battery servicing area, aircraft hanger plans, cryogenics maintenance, interior finishes repair and nondestructive testing laboratory.
Similar rational should be used in the commercial arena with input from aircraft manufacturers. The Federal Aviation Administration mandates procedures to be followed by operators when establishing aircraft inspection intervals and overhaul times. The general rule of thumb according to Office Finder is to square feet of useable space per person.
Determining the space need for the utility systems is highly dependent on the hangar maintenance function and the available utilities. In some corrosion control hangars advantage preferred network plan reviews HVAC requirements are so stringent that the mechanical rooms can be as large as the hangar space itself.
Also in corrosion control hangar spaces the mechanical rooms should be located adjacent to the hangar space and with an exterior wall for outside air requirements. The HVAC in the hangar space must be integrated with the fire detection system to shut down in case of a fire. This can be applied by an overhead system or water cannons mounted near the floor. Standard on Aircraft Hangars establishes fire protection criteria for hangars based on their size and construction type.
The electrical requirements of the hangar facility should meet the aircraft hanger plans of NFPA The hangar space should be classified as hazardous or nonhazardous according to NFPA 70 and the electrical installations designed accordingly.
Electrical equipment in the aircraft hanger plans space should be waterproof, NEMA Type 4 minimum rating when deluge sprinkler protection is provided. Various power supply voltages and frequencies are required in the facility because Aircraft and Ground Support Equipment operate on different voltages and frequencies than normally aircraft hanger plans by the public utilities.
One of the largest single design elements to be selected is the type of hangar door to be utilized, aircraft hanger plans.
There are several aircraft hanger plans types sliding, vertical lift, bifolding, fabric, etc and each type has advantages and design implications for the overall structure. Sustainable design should be incorporated into every building design so the building can perform efficiently without wasting energy during its lifetime. The hangar area is particularly susceptible to heat loss as the hangar doors are opened for aircraft movement.
The next generation of aircraft is larger and heavier than current aircraft that will make many existing hangar facilities obsolete. As Aircraft manufacturers move towards composite materials and avionics become more sophisticated, the hangar maintenance facility will need to respond to the new requirements.
The aircraft maintenance facility will resemble an industrial facility which will require remediation of toxic effluents, air pollution permits, safety standards for working in hazardous areas and a high tech facility with laboratories and clean rooms, aircraft hanger plans.
The aviation industry is a high profile industry and is a target for terrorist attacks. Office BuildingWarehouse, aircraft hanger plans. Skip to main content.